Novel CaO–SiO2 Sorbent and Bifunctional Ni/Co–CaO/SiO2 Complex for Selective H2 Synthesis from Cellulose
Catalysis- and sorption-enhanced biomass gasification is a promising route to high-purity hydrogen (H2); however, most CaO-based sorbents for CO2 capture have poor surface area and mechanical properties, lose carrying capacity over multiple uses, and have insufficient porosity to accommodate extra catalyst sites. We aimed to develop a high-surface-area CaO–SiO2 framework onto which catalysts could be grafted. The best CaO–SiO2 sorbent (nCa/nSi = 2:1) maintained a CaO conversion of 65% even after 50 carbonation–decarbonation cycles, better than commercial micrometer-sized CaO or tailored CaO, because of stabilization via Ca–O–Si interactions and an ordered porous structure. Bimetallic catalyst grains (Ni/Co alloy, <20 nm) could be evenly loaded onto this structure by impregnation. The resulting bifunctional complex produced H2 at nearly the same rate as a mixture of catalyst and commercial CaO while using less total sorbent/catalyst. Furthermore, this complex was much more durable due to its higher coking ...
Ming Zhao; Xiaoshuang Yang; Tamara L. Church; Andrew T. Harris
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... mehr
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... mehr
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... mehr