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The effect of Co and In combinational or individual doping on the structural, optical and selective sensing properties of ZnO nanoparticles

Publication date:

August 2017


Source:Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 247

Author(s): Mpho William Maswanganye, K.E. Rammutla, T.E. Mosuang, B.W. Mwakikunga

Variably doped ZnO samples by the sol-gel process have been tested for response to humidity and industrial gases of CO, CH4, NH3 and H2. The elements of Cobalt (Co) and Indium (In) either singly doped or co-doped at 5wt% and annealed at varying temperature were observed to increase their grain sizes with annealing temperature while their lattice parameter decrease or increase depending on the dopant ionic radii when compared to the ionic radius of Zn. Co-doping of In and Co, at 5wt% each, is found to increase the response to all stimuli to higher values than undoped or singly doped ZnO sensors at the expense of selectivity where In-Co-ZnO as well as undoped ZnO and Co-ZnO sensors have similar selectivity value of below 44% to CO. In-doped ZnO shows a distinct selectivity of 60% to NH3. Ionic radii of the In and Co as well as the ionization potentials of the gases have been used to explain the mechanisms of these selective responses.
Graphical abstract




Autoren:   Author(s): Mpho William Maswanganye, K.E. Rammutla, T.E. Mosuang, B.W. Mwakikunga
Journal:   Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Jahrgang:   2017
Erscheinungsdatum:   19.03.2017
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