Background: Phosphoinositides (PIs) and their derivatives are essential cellular components that form the building blocks for cell membranes and regulate numerous cell functions. Specifically, the ability to generate myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) via phospholipase C (PLC)
dependent hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to InsP3 and diacylglycerol (DAG) initiates intracellular calcium signaling events representing a fundamental signaling mechanism dependent on PIs. InsP3 produced by PI turnover as a second messenger causes intracellular
calcium release, especially from endoplasmic reticulum, by binding to the InsP3 receptor (InsP3R). Various PIs and the enzymes, such as phosphatidylinositol synthase and phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase, necessary for their turnover have been characterized in Apicomplexa, a large phylum of mostly
commensal organisms that also includes several clinically relevant parasites. However, InsP3Rs have not been identified in genomes of apicomplexans, despite evidence that these parasites produce InsP3 that mediates intracellular Ca2+ signaling. Conclusion: Evidence to supporting IP3-dependent
signaling cascades in apicomplexans suggests that they may harbor a primitive or non-canonical InsP3R. Understanding these pathways may be informative about early branching eukaryotes, where such signaling pathways also diverge from animal systems, thus identifying potential novel and essential
targets for therapeutic intervention.
R.S. Garcia, Celia; Alves, Eduardo; H. S. Pereira, Pedro; J. Bartlett, Paula; P. Thomas, Andrew; Mikoshiba, Katsuhiko; Plattner, Helmut; David Sibley, L.
Background: Azocalix arene derivative based on 2,6-diamino pyridine has been synthesized from diazo-coupling reaction between tetradiazonium salt of calixarene and 2,6-diaminopyridine, and characterized by various spectroscopic methods such as IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR and Mass spe ... mehr
Background: Cancer-associated metabolites result from cell-wide mechanisms of dysregulation. The field of metabolomics has sought to identify these aberrant metabolites as disease biomarkers, clues to understanding disease mechanisms, or even as therapeutic agents. Objective: Thi ... mehr
Background: Despite a reduction in the global burden of malaria, the disease remains responsible for 214 million cases and 438,000 deaths annually with 88% of the mortality occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria control largely depends on effective chemotherapy. However, the hi ... mehr