Given the virtual lack of information on electronic spectra of divalent neodymium we set for synthesis and characterization of Nd2+ systems. Herein, we report stabilization of neodymium in a chloride host, which importantly has been accomplished with Nd ions introduced in a divalent state during synthesis, unlike by gamma‐irradiation of Nd3+ system employed previously. This synthesis method yields good quality SrCl2:Nd2+ single crystals. For the first time the novel electronic absorption spectra of Nd2+ doped in SrCl2 have been recorded with high resolution at liquid helium temperature (4.2 K). Identification of the absorption bands occurring in the spectral range of 5000 ‐ 40000 cm1 (i.e. 2000 ‐ 250 nm) has been achieved and their tentative assignment proposed. This uniquely detailed Nd2+ absorption spectrum provides basis for fingerprinting method enabling identification of the presence of Nd2+ ions in future spectra as well as in existing but as yet not fully resolved spectra.