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Properties and potential optoelectronic applications of lead halide perovskite nanocrystals

Semiconducting lead halide perovskites (LHPs) have not only become prominent thin-film absorber materials in photovoltaics but have also proven to be disruptive in the field of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs). The most important feature of LHP NCs is their so-called defect-tolerance—the apparently benign nature of structural defects, highly abundant in these compounds, with respect to optical and electronic properties. Here, we review the important differences that exist in the chemistry and physics of LHP NCs as compared with more conventional, tetrahedrally bonded, elemental, and binary semiconductor NCs (such as silicon, germanium, cadmium selenide, gallium arsenide, and indium phosphide). We survey the prospects of LHP NCs for optoelectronic applications such as in television displays, light-emitting devices, and solar cells, emphasizing the practical hurdles that remain to be overcome.

Autoren:   Maksym V. Kovalenko; Loredana Protesescu; Maryna I. Bodnarchuk
Journal:   Science
Band:   358
Ausgabe:   6364
Jahrgang:   2017
Seiten:   745
DOI:   10.1126/science.aam7093
Erscheinungsdatum:   10.11.2017
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