Smart Dual Quenching Strategy Enhances the Detection Sensitivity of Intracellular Furin
Development of sensitive fluorescence “Turn-On” strategies for imaging enzyme activity in living cells is of disease-diagnostic importance but remains challenging. Herein, by employing a click condensation reaction and rational design of a single quenched probe Cys(StBu)-Lys(Gly-Lys(DABCYL)-Gly-Gly-Arg-Arg-Val-Arg-Gly-FITC)-CBT (1), we developed a “smart” dual quenching strategy and applied it to detect intracellular furin activity with enhanced sensitivity. At physiological conditions, 1 was subjected to reduction-controlled condensation reaction to form 1-NPs and its fluorescence intensity further dropped to 1/2.8 of its original. Upon furin cleavage in vitro, the dual quenched 1-NPs had fluorescence “Turn-On” contrast 11-fold more than that of single quenched control probe FITC-Gly-Arg-Val-Arg-Arg-Gly-Gly-Lys(DABCYL)-Gly-OH (1-P). Live cell imaging results indicated that 1 showed fluorescence “Turn-On” contrast 6.3-fold of that of 1-P for sensing intracellular furin activity. We envision that, by repla...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... mehr
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... mehr
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... mehr