Insight into the Role of the Hv1 C-Terminal Domain in Dimer Stabilization
The voltage-gated proton-selective channel (Hv1) conducts protons in response to changes in membrane potential. The Hv1 protein forms dimers in the membrane. Crystal structures of Hv1 channels have revealed that the primary contacts between the two monomers are in the C-terminal domain (CTD), which forms a coiled-coil structure. The role of Hv1-CTD in channel assembly and activity is not fully understood. Here, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of full-length and truncated CTD models of human and mouse Hv1 channels reveal a strong contribution of the CTD to the packing of the transmembrane domains. Simulations of the CTD models highlight four fundamental interactions of the key residues contributing to dimer stability. These include salt bridges, hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonds, and a disulfide bond across the dimer interface. At neutral pH, salt-bridge interactions increase dimer stability and the dimer becomes less stable at acidic pH. Hydrophobic core packing of the heptad pattern is importa...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... mehr
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... mehr
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... mehr