A Novel Microemulsion Phase Transition: Toward the Elucidation of Third-Phase Formation in Spent Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing
We present evidence that the transition between organic and third phases, which can be observed in the plutonium uranium reduction extraction (PUREX) process at high metal loading, is an unusual transition between two isotropic bicontinuous microemulsion phases. As this system contains so many components, however, we have been seeking first to investigate the properties of a simpler system, namely, the related metal-free, quaternary water/n-dodecane/nitric acid/tributyl phosphate (TBP) system. This quaternary system has been shown to exhibit, under appropriate conditions, three coexisting phases: a light organic phase, an aqueous phase, and the so-called third phase. In the current work, we focused on the coexistence of the light organic phase with the third phase. Using Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo (GEMC) simulations, we found coexistence of a phase rich in nitric acid and dilute in n-dodecane (the third phase) with a phase more dilute in nitric acid but rich in n-dodecane (the light organic phase). The co...
Junju Mu; Ryuhei Motokawa; Kazuhiro Akutsu; Shotaro Nishitsuji; Andrew J. Masters
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... mehr
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... mehr
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... mehr