Water-Resistant Polymeric Acid Membrane Catalyst for Acetone Detection in the Exhaled Breath of Diabetics
Endogenous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as acetone in exhaled human breath are associated with metabolic conditions in the bloodstream. Development of compact, rapid detectors of exhaled breath chemical composition in clinical settings is challenging due to the small sample size that can be collected during a single exhalation as well as spectroscopic interference by the abundance of water. In this paper, we show that the activity of a catalytic polymer membrane (Nafion 117) toward the heterogeneous condensation reaction of immobilized resorcinol reagent with gas-phase acetone can be preserved even at 100% ambient relative humidity through the incorporation of organic acids such as vanillic or tiglic. The reaction produces a colored flavan product that permits highly selective and sensitive correlation to acetone concentration in exhaled breath. Such behavior suggests solvent displacement, analogous to homogeneous liquid-phase systems. However, unlike classic acid–base equilibria, the extent of ...
Adam D. Worrall; Zexin Qian; Jonathan A. Bernstein; Anastasios P. Angelopoulos
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