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Lipid and Nucleic Acid Chemistries: Combining the Best of Both Worlds to Construct Advanced Biomaterials

Abstract

Hybrid synthetic amphiphilic biomolecules are emerging as promising supramolecular materials for biomedical and technological applications. Herein, recent progress in the field of nucleic acid based lipids is highlighted with an emphasis on their molecular design, synthesis, supramolecular properties, physicochemical behaviors, and applications in the field of health science and technology. In the first section, the design and the study of nucleolipids are in focus and then the glyconucleolipid family is discussed. In the last section, recent contributions of responsive materials involving nucleolipids and their use as smart drug delivery systems are discussed. The supramolecular materials generated by nucleic acid based lipids open new challenges for biomedical applications, including the fields of medicinal chemistry, biosensors, biomaterials for tissue engineering, drug delivery, and the decontamination of nanoparticles.

Hybrid molecules combining nucleic acid structures with lipids have recently received increasing attention as a new class of supramolecular biomaterials. An overview of the latest studies on their chemical and biological properties is presented, including several biomedical applications ranging from medicinal chemistry to biomaterials. Some suggestions for developing these types of soft materials in the near future are also proposed.

Autoren:   Julie Baillet, Valérie Desvergnes, Aladin Hamoud, Laurent Latxague, Philippe Barthélémy
Journal:   Advanced Materials
Jahrgang:   2018
Seiten:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/adma.201705078
Erscheinungsdatum:   17.01.2018
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