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IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1265: Gastroprotective and Antioxidant Activity of Kalanchoe brasiliensis and Kalanchoe pinnata Leaf Juices against Indomethacin and Ethanol-Induced Gastric Lesions in Rats

IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1265: Gastroprotective and Antioxidant Activity of Kalanchoe brasiliensis and Kalanchoe pinnata Leaf Juices against Indomethacin and Ethanol-Induced Gastric Lesions in Rats

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms19051265

Authors: Edilane Rodrigues Dantas de Araújo Gerlane Coelho Bernardo Guerra Daline Fernandes de Souza Araújo Aurigena Antunes de Araújo Júlia Morais Fernandes Raimundo Fernandes de Araújo Júnior Valéria Costa da Silva Thaís Gomes de Carvalho Leandro de Santis Ferreira Silvana Maria Zucolotto

Kalanchoe brasiliensis and Kalanchoe pinnata are used interchangeably in traditional medicine for treating peptic ulcers and inflammatory problems. In this context, this study aims to characterize the chemical constituents and evaluate the gastroprotective activity of the leaf juices of the two species in acute gastric lesions models. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometer (UHPLC-MS) were performed for chemical characterization. Wistar rats were pre-treated orally with leaf juices (125, 250 and 500 mg/kg) or ranitidine (50 mg/kg). The peaks observed in the chromatogram of K. brasiliensis showed similar mass spectra to flavonoid glycosides derived from patuletin and eupafolin, while K. pinnata showed mass spectra similar to compounds derived from quercetin, patuletin, eupafolin and kaempferol. K. brasiliensis at all doses and K. pinnata at doses of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg significantly reduced the lesions in the ethanol induction model. In the indomethacin induction model, both species showed significant results at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg. Also, the pre-treatment with leaf juices increased the antioxidant defense system, glutathione (GSH), whereas malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were significantly decreased. Treatment with leaf juices led to the upregulation of zone occludes-1 (ZO-1) and the downregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and factor nuclear-κβ transcription (NF-κB-p65), while also showing a cytoprotective effect and maintaining mucus production. These findings show that the leaf juices of the two species showed gastroprotective effects on ethanol and gastric indomethacin injury which were a consequence of gastric inflammation suppression, antioxidant activity and the maintenance of cytoprotective defenses and mucosal structure architecture.

Autoren:   de Araújo, Edilane Rodrigues Dantas; Guerra, Gerlane Coelho Bernardo; Araújo, Daline Fernandes de Souza; de Araújo, Aurigena Antunes; Fernandes, Júlia Morais; de Araújo Júnior, Raimundo Fernandes; da Silva, Valéria Costa; de Carvalho, Thaís Gomes; Ferreira, Leandro de Santis; Zucolotto, Silvana Maria
Journal:   International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Band:   19
Ausgabe:   5
Jahrgang:   2018
Seiten:   1265
DOI:   10.3390/ijms19051265
Erscheinungsdatum:   24.04.2018
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