General Strategy for Performing Temperature Programming in High Performance Liquid Chromatography: Prediction of Linear Temperature Gradients
This paper describes how an empirical retention model is transferred from temperature-programmed gas chromatography (GC) to high temperature liquid chromatography (HT-HPLC). In order to evaluate the retention prediction, a temperature range from 50 to 180 °C was investigated using two test mixtures consisting of steroids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In this temperature range, heating rates from 1.5 °C min−1 up to 30 °C min−1 were applied using four different high temperature stable HPLC columns with inner diameters of 1.0, 2.1, 3.0, and 4.6 mm. Temperature lag phenomena in the HPLC column as well as in the column oven are discussed, and it is shown that the linear elution strength (LES) model can be applied without any mathematical extension in order to take a temperature-dependent delay time into account. On the basis of this approximation, it is possible to perform a systematic method development using linear temperature gradients in liquid chromatography. Furthermore, it is shown that only two...
Steffen Wiese; Thorsten Teutenberg; Torsten C. Schmidt
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