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Substituent effects on the photofading of disperse azo dyes on poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate

The relationships between the chemical structures and oxidative fading of the disperse azo dyes, p-nitrophenylazo- and benzothiazoleazo-anilines, on poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate are discussed in terms of the parameters k0,i (rate constants of reaction towards 1O2) and fi (photosensitivity), the molecular parameters of molecular orbital theory and substituents in the diazo and coupling components, on the assumption that the initial rates of oxidative fading are proportional to the product of k0,i and fi. 2-Methoxy-5-acetylamino-N-substituted aniline couplers exhibited large fi values. 2-Chloro and 4-nitro substituents of aniline diazo components exhibited small fi values or high quantum yields of internal conversion, while 4-nitro substituent did not. A close correlation between N-substituents and light fastness, proposed by Müller and supplemented by Dawson, demonstrates the applicability of frontier orbital theory, through the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy of the dyes, to the analysis of oxidative fading. Dyes with N-2-cyanoethyl substituents, which gave a lower HOMO energy, also exhibited superior light fastness compared with N-2-hydroxyethyl substituents.

Autoren:   Okada, Yasuyo; Hihara, Toshio; Hirose, Mie; Morita, Zenzo
Journal:   Coloration Technology
Band:   126
Ausgabe:   3
Jahrgang:   2010
Seiten:   127
DOI:   10.1111/j.1478-4408.2010.00237.x
Erscheinungsdatum:   01.06.2010
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