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294 Aktuelle Fachpublikationen in Annual Review of Environment and Resources

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The Concept of the Anthropocene

17.10.2017 | Yadvinder Malhi, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

The Anthropocene, the concept that the Earth has moved into a novel geological epoch characterized by human domination of the planetary system, is an increasingly prevalent framework for debate both in academia and as a wider cultural and policy zeitgeist. This article reviews the proliferation ...

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Emerging Technologies for Higher Fuel Economy Automobile Standards

17.10.2017 | Timothy E. Lipman, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Transportation systems contribute significantly to air pollution and ∼15% globally and ∼25% in the United States to emissions climate-changing gases. In the United States, the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for motor vehicles were significantly raised in 2012 for the first time ...

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Landscape Approaches: A State-of-the-Art Review

17.10.2017 | Bas Arts; Marleen Buizer; Lumina Horlings; Verina Ingram; Cora van Oosten; Paul Opdam, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Landscape approaches have become en vogue in the past couple of decades. Originating from nineteenth-century landscape geography, this renewed popularity since the 1980s is fueled by debates on—among others—nature conservation, landscape restoration, ecosystem services, competing claims on land ...

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Drivers of Human Stress on the Environment in the Twenty-First Century

17.10.2017 | Thomas Dietz, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Human actions are transforming ecosystems across the globe. Six frameworks aid in understanding the forces that drive human stress on the environment and human responses to this stress. Two of them, the stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence and technology (STIRPAT) model and ...

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Marked for Life: Epigenetic Effects of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

17.10.2017 | Miriam N. Jacobs; Emma L. Marczylo; Carlos Guerrero-Bosagna; Joëlle Rüegg, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

The presence of human-made chemical contaminants in the environment has increased rapidly during the past 70 years. Harmful effects of such contaminants were first reported in the late 1950s in wildlife and later in humans. These effects are predominantly induced by endocrine disrupting chemicals ...

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Attribution of Weather and Climate Events

17.10.2017 | Friederike E.L. Otto, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Within the past decade, the attribution of extreme weather and climate events has emerged from a theoretical possibility into a subfield of climate science in its own right, providing scientific evidence on the role of anthropogenic climate change in individual extreme weather events, on a ...

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Legacies of Historical Human Activities in Arctic Woody Plant Dynamics

17.10.2017 | Signe Normand; Toke T. Høye; Bruce C. Forbes; Joseph J. Bowden; Althea L. Davies; Bent V. Odgaard; Felix Riede; Jens ..., Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Recent changes in arctic vegetation might not be driven by climate change alone. Legacies of human activities have received little attention as a contributing factor. We examine the extent to which traditional human activities (hunting, herding, fire, wood extraction, and agriculture) have had ...

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Attribution of Weather and Climate Events

17.10.2017 | Friederike E.L. Otto, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Within the past decade, the attribution of extreme weather and climate events has emerged from a theoretical possibility into a subfield of climate science in its own right, providing scientific evidence on the role of anthropogenic climate change in individual extreme weather events, on a ...

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Smallholder Agriculture and Climate Change

17.10.2017 | Avery S. Cohn; Peter Newton; Juliana D.B. Gil; Laura Kuhl; Leah Samberg; Vincent Ricciardi; Jessica R. Manly; Sarah ..., Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Hundreds of millions of the world's poorest people directly depend on smallholder farming systems. These people now face a changing climate and associated societal responses. We use mapping and a literature review to juxtapose the climate fate of smallholder systems with that of other ...

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Toward the Next Generation of Assessment

17.10.2017 | Katharine J. Mach; Christopher B. Field, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2017

Through integrative assessment, experts evaluate the state of knowledge on complex problems relevant to societies. In this review, we take stock of recent advances and challenges, rooting our analysis in climate change assessment. In particular, we consider four priorities in assessment: (a) ...

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