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231 Aktuelle Fachpublikationen in Annual Review of Materials Research

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Atomic-Scale Structure-Property Relationships in Lithium Ion Battery Electrode Materials

03.07.2017 | Zhenzhong Yang; Lin Gu; Yong-Sheng Hu; Hong Li, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Li ion batteries are important components of portable devices, electric vehicles, and smart grids owing to their high energy density, excellent cyclic performance, and safe operation. However, further development of electrode materials for these batteries is needed to satisfy continually ...

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X-Ray Tomography for Lithium Ion Battery Research: A Practical Guide

03.07.2017 | Patrick Pietsch; Vanessa Wood, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

X-ray tomography has emerged as a powerful technique for studying lithium ion batteries, allowing nondestructive and often quantitative imaging of these complex systems, which contain solid components with length scales spanning orders of magnitude and which are in-filled with liquid electrolyte. ...

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Control of Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Metal Oxide Nanocrystals

03.07.2017 | Ankit Agrawal; Robert W. Johns; Delia J. Milliron, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Metal oxides, when electronically doped with oxygen vacancies, aliovalent dopants, or interstitial dopants, can exhibit metallic behavior due to the stabilization of a substantial charge carrier concentration within the material. As a result, localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) occur in ...

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Visualization of Atomic-Scale Motions in Materials via Femtosecond X-Ray Scattering Techniques

03.07.2017 | Aaron M. Lindenberg; Steven L. Johnson; David A. Reis, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

We review current progress with respect to ultrafast, atomic-scale resolution X-ray scattering studies of materials. In the last decade, advances in sources and techniques have opened up new possibilities for probing the dynamics of how materials change in situ and in real time. These ...

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Heusler 4.0: Tunable Materials

03.07.2017 | Lukas Wollmann; Ajaya K. Nayak; Stuart S.P. Parkin; Claudia Felser, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Heusler compounds are a large family of binary, ternary, and quaternary compounds that exhibit a wide range of properties of both fundamental and potential technological interest. The extensive tunability of the Heusler compounds through chemical substitutions and structural motifs makes the ...

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Physical Dynamics of Ice Crystal Growth

03.07.2017 | Kenneth G. Libbrecht, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

We examine ice crystallization from liquid water and from water vapor, focusing on the underlying physical processes that determine growth rates and structure formation. Ice crystal growth is largely controlled by a combination of molecular attachment kinetics on faceted surfaces and large-scale ...

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Negative-Poisson's-Ratio Materials: Auxetic Solids

03.07.2017 | Roderic S. Lakes, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Poisson's ratio had long been considered to be an intrinsic material property, confined within a narrow domain and governed solely by the geometry of interatomic bonds. Materials with designed heterogeneity allow for control over the Poisson's ratio. Poisson's ratios of any value within the ...

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Deformation of Crystals: Connections with Statistical Physics

03.07.2017 | James P. Sethna; Matthew K. Bierbaum; Karin A. Dahmen; Carl P. Goodrich; Julia R. Greer; Lorien X. Hayden; Jaron P. ..., Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

We give a bird's-eye view of the plastic deformation of crystals aimed at the statistical physics community, as well as a broad introduction to the statistical theories of forced rigid systems aimed at the plasticity community. Memory effects in magnets, spin glasses, charge density waves, and ...

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Atomistic Simulations of Activated Processes in Materials

03.07.2017 | G. Henkelman, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Activated processes in materials are important for many of the properties that make them function. Batteries and catalysts are examples for which understanding how the component materials function on a timescale of milliseconds to seconds is critical to making improvements in a rational way. ...

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Harnessing Instabilities to Design Tunable Architected Cellular Materials

03.07.2017 | Katia Bertoldi, Annual Review of Materials Research, 2017

Mechanical instabilities are traditionally regarded as a route toward failure. However, they can also be exploited to design architected cellular materials with tunable functionality. In this review, we focus on three examples and show that mechanical instabilities in architected cellular ...

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