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215 Aktuelle Fachpublikationen in Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science

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Dark Energy Versus Modified Gravity

19.10.2016 | Austin Joyce; Lucas Lombriser; Fabian Schmidt, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

Understanding the reason for the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe represents one of the fundamental open questions in physics. In cosmology, a classification has emerged among physical models for this acceleration, distinguishing between dark energy and modified gravity. In this ...

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GRETINA and Its Early Science

19.10.2016 | Paul Fallon; Alexandra Gade; I-Yang Lee, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

γ-Ray spectroscopy continues to be an important tool for the study of nuclei. Excitation energies can be measured directly and in model-independent ways, and thus are among the key observables that can guide our understanding of atomic nuclei. With the availability of short-lived rare-isotope ...

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Proton–Lead Collisions at the CERN LHC

19.10.2016 | Carlos A. Salgado; Johannes P. Wessels, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

The single proton–lead collision run performed at the LHC has had profound consequences for the entire field of hot and dense QCD. The prior, 20-year-long experimental exploration of high-energy nucleus–nucleus collisions indicated that a hot QCD medium is created in a very short time, a fast ...

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Physics Accomplishments and Future Prospects of the BES Experiments at the Beijing Electron--Positron Collider

19.10.2016 | Roy A. Briere; Frederick A. Harris; Ryan E. Mitchell, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

The cornerstone of the Chinese experimental particle physics program is a series of experiments performed in the τ-charm energy region. China began building e+e− colliders at the Institute for High Energy Physics in Beijing more than three decades ago. Beijing Electron Spectrometer (BES) is the ...

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Physics of Core-Collapse Supernovae in Three Dimensions: A Sneak Preview

19.10.2016 | Hans-Thomas Janka; Tobias Melson; Alexander Summa, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

Nonspherical mass motions are a generic feature of core-collapse supernovae, and hydrodynamic instabilities play a crucial role in the explosion mechanism. The first successful neutrino-driven explosions could be obtained with self-consistent, first-principles simulations in three spatial ...

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Initial-State Quantum Fluctuations in the Little Bang

19.10.2016 | François Gelis; Björn Schenke, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

We review recent developments in the ab initio theoretical description of the initial state in heavy-ion collisions. We emphasize the importance of fluctuations, both for the phenomenological description of experimental data from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron ...

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Triggering at the LHC

19.10.2016 | Wesley H. Smith, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

The trigger systems of the ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb experiments overcame substantial challenges to successfully take data and produce historically significant results from the first run of the LHC. This review describes the challenges, requirements, architecture, design, algorithms, ...

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New Nonperturbative Methods in Quantum Field Theory: From Large-N Orbifold Equivalence to Bions and Resurgence

19.10.2016 | Gerald V. Dunne; Mithat Ünsal, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

We present a broad conceptual introduction to some new ideas in nonperturbative quantum field theory (QFT) that have led to progress toward an understanding of quark confinement in gauge theories and, more broadly, toward a nonperturbative continuum definition of QFTs. We first present exact ...

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Reactor Neutrino Spectra

19.10.2016 | Anna C. Hayes; Petr Vogel, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

We present a review of the antineutrino spectra emitted from reactors. Knowledge of these spectra and their associated uncertainties is crucial for neutrino oscillation studies. The spectra used to date have been determined either by converting measured electron spectra to antineutrino spectra or ...

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Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiments

19.10.2016 | M.V. Diwan; V. Galymov; X. Qian; A. Rubbia, Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science, 2016

We review long-baseline neutrino experiments in which neutrinos are detected after traversing macroscopic distances. Over such distances neutrinos have been found to oscillate among flavor states. Experiments with solar, atmospheric, reactor, and accelerator neutrinos have resulted in a coherent ...

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